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Tuesday, 23 January 2018   /   published in Rhinos

Update from Malaysia on Imam the Sumatran Rhino

Dave Lawrence January 2018 Page 1

In Malaysian Borneo, officials at the Sabah Wildlife Department and nonprofit Borneo Rhino Alliance have been working around the clock for over a month to save the life of one of the rarest living creatures on planet Earth. Iman the Sumatran rhino began bleeding from a tumor in her uterus in mid-December at the Tabin Wildlife Reserve. Experts from around the world have been consulted on how to stop the bleeding and determined that the complex procedure, and use of anesthesia, was too risky. Instead, vets are using non-invasive means to treat her in her indoor night quarters. The solitary, mud wallow-loving Sumatran rhino is down to nine captive animals, with just two in Malaysia, and the other seven in neighboring Indonesia.


The nonprofit Borneo Rhino Alliance is partnered with the Malaysian government to care for the male and female pair of Sumatran rhinos in Malaysia. We’ve tried to provide updates on her condition each week, and Dr. John Payne of the organization just gave us fresh news. Dr. Payne said things are looking a bit brighter, after a recent sudden increase in blood loss that happened last Friday.

He said the senior vet who cares for her, Dr. Zainal Zahari Zainuddin, reported that Iman has spent a month straight in her night quarters now, the longest period for her to be sick since she was captured in the wild in 2014. The doctor noted that since that relapse of excessive bleeding January 12, Iman has been slowing improving. He reported that this week she has had both improved appetite and is vocalizing more, “which are good signs that we watch for”, he said. 

Since starting her on a 200 gram daily diet of concentrates, Iman has been less lethargic and more alert. While she continues to bleed from the tumor in her uterus, the volume of blood is less, and it’s mixed with mucous. The critically endangered animal is hand fed 10-12 kilograms of browse from plants in her jungle enclosure, 6-7 kilograms of fruits like mangos, and 200 grams of horse pellets. She’s packed in mud three times a day to keep insects from biting her and to condition her skin. Poaching and habitat destruction have reduced the wild population of Sumatran rhinos to just a few dozen believed to live in the dense jungle of just one spot in the world: the Way Kambas National Park in Indonesia.

Iman seen in a screen shot from a January 10th video, recorded while feeding her in her night quarters. Since December 18th the critically endangered rhino has been kept in her night quarters as staff try to stop bleeding from a tumor in her uterus. She is among nine known Sumatran rhinos on Earth. With just a few dozen hoped to exist in the wild, she is one of the rarest living creatures on the planet.